Chapitre 11: Comparatives and superlatives - Anglais Troisième | DigiClass
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Comparatives and superlatives

I.  Comparatives

A.  Superiority (plus….que)

1.  Short adjectives

  1.  Regular comparative
    Suject + verb + adj-er + than + complement
    Peter is stronger than Jason
    NB:
    • For monosyllabic adjectives ending in a consonant and preceded by a vowel , we must double the last consonant before adding -er
      Eg: Hot + t + er (hotter) than
            Thin + n + er (thinner) than
    • For short adjective ending in -y and preceded by a consonant,we must transform -y in [i] before adding -er.
      Eg: Lazy→lazier than
            Crazy→crazier than
            Noisy→noisier than
  2. Irregular comparative
    Some adjectives or adverbs do not have a regular formation. it is necessary to know them by heart.
good bad  far
 better than  worse than  farther/ further than

Eg: Ouagadougou is further than Bama.

2.  Long adjectives

Subject + Verb + more + adjective + than + complement.

Eg: -Sogodala is more talkative than Sountere

       - I am more intelligent than my neighbour

3.  Inferiority (Moins….que)

Subject + verb + less + adjectives (short/long) + than + complement. (moins.....que)

Eg: I am less lazy than Mary 

       You become less impolite than me.

B.  Equality(aussi…que)

Affirmative : Subject + Verb + as + adjectives(short/long)

Ex: He is as stupid as his brother .

Negative : Subject + auxiliary + not so + adjectives + as + compement.

Ex: She is not so courageous as her mother.

Interrogative: Auxiliairy + Subject + as + adjectives + as + complement ?

Ex: Is Alan as kind as Ellen?

II.  Superlative

A.  Superiority

1.  Short adjective

  1. Regular superlative
    Subject + verb + the + adj-est + noun + complement
    Eg: -Alassane is the biggest student of the class
         - February is the shortest month of the year.
  2. Irregular superlative.
    Some adjectives or adverbs do not have a regular formation. it is therefore necessary to learn them by heart.
good bad far
 the best the worst the farthest/ the furthest

         Eg: Moussa is the best friend I have ever had

2.  Long adjectives

Subject + verb + the adj-est + noun + complement

Eg: - Philosophy is the most difficult subject in upper sixth  A
       - Enlgish is the most interesting language in the world.

B.  Inferiority

Subject + Verb + the least + adjectives (short/long) + noun + complement

Eg: Fousseni is the least wise boy of his village

Alex is the least diligent student of the class.                               

                                         Recapulating:   Irregular comparative and superlative

Adjectives

Comparatives

Superlatives

Meaning

Good/well

better

The best

Bon/bien

Bad

Worse

The worst

Mauvais

Old

older

The oldest

Vieux/âgé

Far

Farther /further

The farthest/the furthest

Loin, éloigné

Little

less

The least

Peu, petit

Many/much

More

The most

Beaucoup